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{{Infobox company
 
| name = oneM2M
 
| logo = OneM2M_logo.png
 
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| foundation = 2012
 
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| locations = 8
 
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| key_people = Enrico Scarrone, Telecom Italia (Steering Committee Chairman)<br>Roland Hechwartner, Deutsche Telekom AG (Technical Plenary Chair)
 
| industry = [[Telecommunications industry]]
 
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| num_employees = 5000
 
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| homepage = {{url|http://www.onem2m.org}}
 
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'''oneM2M''' is a global organization that creates requirements, architecture, [[Application programming interface|API specifications]], [[Computer security|security solutions]] and [[interoperability]] for [[Machine-to-Machine]] and [[Internet of things|IoT technologies]].<ref>{{cite web|last1=Blewitt|first1=Alex|title=Eclipse Foundation Releases IoT Projects|url=https://www.infoq.com/news/2016/06/eclipse-iot-releases|website=InfoQ|accessdate=25 August 2016}}</ref>
 
 
oneM2M specifications provide a framework to support a wide range of applications and services such as [[smart cities]], [[smart grid]], [[connected car]], [[home automation]], [[public safety]], and health.<ref>{{cite web|last1=Frenzel|first1=Lou|title=Wireless Is Headed…Where?|url=http://electronicdesign.com/wireless/wireless-headed-where|website=[[Electronic Design (magazine)|Electronic Design magazine]]|accessdate=25 August 2016}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|last1=Briodagh|first1=Ken|title=oneM2M to Release Next Standards in Autumn to Expand IoT Interconnectivity|url=http://www.iotevolutionworld.com/m2m/articles/423713-onem2m-release-next-standards-autumn-expand-iot-interconnectivity.htm|website=IoT Evolution World|accessdate=25 August 2016}}</ref>
 
 
==Overview==
 
 
=== oneM2M Service Layer for multivendor interoperability ===
 
The architecture standardized by oneM2M defines an '''IoT Service Layer''', i.e. a vendor independent '''software''' '''Middleware''' sitting between processing / communication hardware and IoT applications providing a set of functions commonly needed by IoT applications.
 
 
The oneM2M Service Layer provides use case independent functions.
 
* oneM2M '''Common Service layer Functions''' (CSF’s) provide proper:
 
** Identification of users and applications
 
** authentication & authorization of users and applications
 
** end-to-end data encryption
 
** remote provisioning & service activation
 
** device management,
 
** connectivity setup & data transmission scheduling,
 
** data aggregation, buffering in case of missing connectivity and synchronization upon connectivity re-establishment
 
** group management and application and data discovery functions
 
** etc ...
 
 
The functions listed above provided by the oneM2M common service layer, are exposed and controlled via globally standardized vendor independent and uniform APIs, towards the IoT applications.
 
 
IoT applications or more generically “Application Entities” AE’s are generic terms for applications executed in so called Application Dedicated Nodes ADNs or Middle Nodes MNs and at the Infrastructure Node IN.
 
 
Applications (AEs) at the device (ADN, MN) and the Infrastructure Platform (IN) are separated by the oneM2M APIs from the actual oneM2M Common Service functions (CSFs) like the ones listed above.
 
 
Details and specifics of the underlying- connectivity technologies, transport protocols and data serialization formats are not exposed to the application developer. This avoids the necessity of detailed expertise in used connectivity technologies, and hence allows the application developer to focus on the customer actual IoT application.
 
 
Interactions between oneM2M Common Service functions (CSFs) and the application are solely based on the oneM2M globally standardized, vendor independent, uniform APIs towards the applications.
 
 
For an application developer, oneM2M based technology appears like an operating system, which takes over common basic functions in context of connectivity and hardware as listed above. Hence the IoT Service Layer specified by oneM2M can be seen in a similar way as a mobile operating systems within the smart phone eco system.
 
[[File:OS.PNG|thumb|center|1000x1000px]]
 
 
Due to this separation, application developers can focus on the developing the actual IoT application for the Device e.g focusing on:
 
* Measuring physical parameters, preprocessing of data, controlling attached hardware or Interworking with other technologies (Modbus, CAN-Bus, OPC-UA gateways etc.) 
 
 
On the infrastructure (Platform) the separation by APIs between oneM2M Common Service functions (CSFs) and application, enables a separation between “low level” tasks in context of connectivity over wide area networks (Device Management, scheduling of data transmission, enrolment of security functions and credentials, revocation of faulty device applications), and actual cloud and IoT application Platform like:
 
* Data analytics, Rule engines, presentation of data, User interfaces etc.
 
Compared to IoT devices being connected to IoT Platforms without oneM2M, the separation between Applications and oneM2M Common Service functions (CSFs), enables the possibility to become independent form the actual cloud respectively IoT Application Platform provider, since from the viewpoint of the oneM2M Common Service functions (CSFs) the actual cloud respectively IoT application Platform is regarded as an Application (AE).
 
 
Beneficially the oneM2M Common Service functions (CSFs) will become part of the communication chipset, to achieve a coverage in a wide range of devices. 
 
 
  [[File:Cloud provider.PNG|center|thumb|900x900px]] 
 
 
=== oneM2M Service Layer for cross vertical interoperability ===
 
The cross vertical interoperability challenge: 
 
# Before an application executed in car (Automotive) or on a smartphone app is able to open a (Home Domain) garage door (e.g. once a car owner appears at home), both applications need to be properly authenticated and authorized. Moreover both application need to have a common understanding about their specific data models. 
 
# Furthermore if data generated by IoT devices are distributed and uploaded to various different IoT platforms, data are locked in or just accessible within their proprietary IoT platforms. Hence cross vertical use cases are hampered.     
 
 
In to overcome these aspects oneM2M provides data models based on the so called Smart Device Template which is continuously extended with new functionalities and elements. Basic elements can be modular composed to cover a wide range of devices with various capabilities. 
 
 
Due to a common understanding of the data being transferred, stored and exposed by the oneM2M Common Service layer via globally standardized, vendor independent, uniform APIs, applications are able to interwork across any vertical. 
 
 
In order to control access to data generated by IoT devices, oneM2M provides Access Control Policies ACPs, controlling which applications AEs are allowed to access which parts of the data in the oneM2M Common Service layer.
 
[[File:Sillos.PNG|thumb|center|1000x1000px]]
 
 
==Functional Architecture==
 
oneM2M Layered Model comprises three layers:
 
* the Application Layer,
 
* the Common Services Layer
 
* the underlying Network Services Layer.
 
 
==History==
 
oneM2M was formed in July 2012<ref name="kt" /> and consists of eight of the world's preeminent standards development organizations (SDOs), notably: [[Association of Radio Industries and Businesses|ARIB]] (Japan), [[Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions|ATIS]] (United States), [[China Communications Standards Association|CCSA]] (China), [[ETSI]] ([[Europe]]), [[Telecommunications Industry Association|TIA]] (USA), [[TSDSI]] (India), TTA ([[Korea]]) and [[Telecommunication Technology Committee|TTC]] (Japan).<ref>{{cite web|title=oneM2M welcomes GlobalPlatform, TSDSI as partners|url=http://www.telecompaper.com/news/onem2m-welcomes-globalplatform-tsdsi-as-partners--1080785|website=Telecompaper|accessdate=25 August 2016}}</ref> together with six industry fora, consortia or standards bodies (Broadband Forum, [[European Committee for Standardization|CEN]], [[CENELEC]], [[GlobalPlatform]], Next Generation M2M Consortium, OMA).
 
 
oneM2M began some of the earliest work on standardization of a common platform for internet of things (IoT) systems<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.iiconsortium.org/pdf/Business_Strategy_and_Innovation_Framework_Nov_2016.pdf|title=Industrial Internet Consortium - Business Strategy & Innovation Framework - Figure 6-3: Timeline of Standardization Efforts|last=|first=|date=|website=www.iiconsortium.org|archive-url=https://www.iiconsortium.org/pdf/Business_Strategy_and_Innovation_Framework_Nov_2016.pdf|archive-date=2016|dead-url=|access-date=2018-12-13}}</ref>. In 2018, S. Korea's TTA reported its cooperative efforts with the ITU to bridge standardization gaps by transposing the oneM2M standard to an ITU standard<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.tta.or.kr/eng/new/main/news_open.jsp?submenu_kind=6&notice_num=6095|title=TTA-ITU cooperative BSG (bridging the standardization gap) project|last=|first=|date=|website=www.tta.or.kr|archive-url=|archive-date=|dead-url=|access-date=2018-12-13}}</ref>.<br />
 
 
===Partners===
 
oneM2M currently have more than 200 participating partners and members consisting of [[Alcatel-Lucent]], [[AT&T]], [[BT Group]], [[Adobe Systems|Adobe]], [[Ericsson]], [[Deutsche Telekom]], [[IBM]], [[Cisco]], [[Sierra Wireless]], [[InterDigital]], [[Intel]], [[Samsung]],<ref>{{cite web|last1=Maddox|first1=Teena|title=Can Samsung's $1.2 billion investment launch the era of 'human-centered' IoT?|url=http://www.techrepublic.com/article/can-samsungs-investment-launch-the-era-of-human-centered-iot/|website=[[TechRepublic]]|accessdate=25 August 2016}}</ref> [[LG Uplus]] and [[Telefonica]].<ref name="kt">{{cite web|last1=Yoo-chul|first1=Kim|title=LG Uplus expands international business|url=http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/tech/2016/07/133_209484.html|website=[[The Korea Times]]|accessdate=25 August 2016|date=15 July 2016}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|last1=Babcock|first1=Charles|title=HPE Offers IoT Platform To Build, Analyze Data|url=http://www.informationweek.com/cloud/infrastructure-as-a-service/hpe-offers-iot-platform-to-build-analyze-data/d/d-id/1325579|website=[[InformationWeek]]|accessdate=25 August 2016}}</ref>
 
 
===Regional Developments===
 
 
South Korea is one of the leading markets for solutions based on the oneM2M standard. South Korea’s national IoT Master Plan makes explicit reference to oneM2M as a strategic enabler for IoT applications and companies developing IoT solutions.<ref>{{cite web|last1=Waring|first1=Joseph|title=SK Telecom unveils open IoT platform based on oneM2M|url=http://www.mobileworldlive.com/asia/asia-news/sk-telecom-unveils-open-iot-platform-base-onem2m/|website=Mobile World Live|accessdate=25 August 2016|date=10 June 2015}}.</ref> The city of Busan is implementing an open platform based on oneM2M to support a smart-city eco-system of industry-university associations.<ref>{{Cite web|title=Busan - Global Smart City|url=http://www.k-smartcity.kr/platform/platform.php|website=[[Busan - Global Smart City]]|accessdate=10 October 2016}}</ref>
 
 
In Europe, [[HP Enterprise]] has reported commercial success in the enterprise and [[smart cities]] sectors.<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.linux.com/news/hpes-iot-platform-supports-onem2m-lora-sigfox-0|title=HPE’s IoT Platform Supports oneM2M, LoRa, SigFox|website=[[Linux.com]]|access-date=2016-06-19}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|last1=Preimesberger|first1=Chris|title=HPE Moves Into IoT Management With All-Purpose Platform|url=http://www.eweek.com/enterprise-apps/hpe-moves-into-iot-management-with-all-purpose-platform.html|website=[[eWeek]]|accessdate=25 August 2016}}</ref>
 
 
Within the UK, a public-private partnership is using InterDigital's  a oneM2MTM standards-based IoT platform developed by [[InterDigital]] to support a large-scale, intelligent transport systems trial. The trial, oneTRANSPORT, is part funded by InnovateUK and involves 11 public and private sector organizations with an operational footprint that covers four contiguous counties in England (Buckinghamshire, Hertfordshire, Northamptonshire and Oxfordshire).<ref>{{cite web|title=oneTRANSPORT Intelligent Transport System trial|url=http://www.onetransport.uk.net/project_outline/|website=oneTRANSPORT|accessdate=22 September 2016}}</ref> The aim of the trial is to demonstrate several journey planning, transport-event and incident management applications.
 
 
==Developer Resources==
 
 
The oneM2M Partnership Project maintains a WiKi for developers to learn about the oneM2M community, software releases and collaborative development processes.<ref>{{cite web|title=oneM2M developer corner WiKi|url=http://wiki.onem2m.org/index.php?title=Main_Page|website=WiKi|accessdate=9 December 2016}}.</ref>
 
 
==References==
 
{{Reflist|30em}}
 
 
==External links==
 
* [http://www.onem2m.org Official website]
 
* [http://wiki.onem2m.org/index.php?title=Main_Page oneM2M Developer Corner]
 
* [http://www.pilot-things.com Pilot Things oneM2M commercial product]
 
 
[[Category:International business organizations]]
 
[[Category:Telecommunications companies]]
 
<references />
 

Latest revision as of 13:01, 1 December 2021